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Anti-Defamation League

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Funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and the U.S. Department of Education, Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program.

Law Enforcement Against Hate

Partners Against Hate Resources

The following resources provide information to help law enforcement officials understand and effectively address hate behavior and hate crimes in the community.
Partners Against Hate Resources
Internet Resources
Print Resources
Blee, K 1996. Becoming a racist: Women in contemporary Ku Klux Klan and neo-Nazi groups. , : Gender and Society 10(6):680-702.

Brooks, T.D. 1994. First Amendment - penalty enhancement for hate crimes: content regulation, questionable state interests and non-traditional sentencing. , : Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 84(4): 703-742.

Crawford, R., and Burghart, D. 1997. Guns and gavels: Common law courts, militias and white supremacy in the Second Revolution: States Rights, Sovereignty, and Power of the County, . Seattle, Washington: Peanut Butter Publishing.

Bensinger, G 1992. Hate crimes: A new/old problem. , : International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 16:115-23.

Ahschiller, D. 1999. Hate Crimes: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.

Barnes, A., and Ephross, P.H 1994. The impact of hate violence on victims: Emotional and behavioral responses to attacks. , : Social Work 39(3).

Martin, S. E. 1995. A cross-burning is not just an arson: Police social construction of hate crimes in Baltimore County. , : Criminology 3:303-26.

Stern, K.S. 1996. A Force Upon The Plain: The American Militia Movement and the Politics of Hate. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster.

Hamm, M.S. 1993. American Skinheads: The Criminology and Control of Hate Crimes. Westport,, Connecticut: Praeger.

Hamm, M.S. 1997. Apocalypse in Oklahoma: Waco and Ruby Ridge Revenged. Boston,, Massachusetts: Northeastern University .

Ward, E., ed. 1996. Conspiracies: Real Grievances, Paranoia, and Mass Movements. Seattle, Washington: Peanut Butter Publishing.

Canter, A.S., and Carroll, S.A., eds 1999. Crisis Prevention and Response: A Collection of NASP Resources. Bethesda, Maryland: National Association of School Psychologists.

Ferber, A.L. 1998. Deconstructing whiteness: The intersections of race and gender in U.S. white supremacist discourse. , : Ethnic and Racial Studies 21(1): 48-63.

Swigonski, M.E., et al., eds. 2001. From Hate Crimes to Human Rights: A Tribute to Matthew Shepard. Binghamton, New York: Haworth Press.

Dees, M. 1996. Gathering Storm: America's Militia Threat. New York, New York: HarperCollins.

Hamm, M.S., ed. 1994. Hate Crime: International Perspectives on Causes and Control.. Cincinnati, Ohio: Anderson.

Roleff, T.L. 2000. Hate Crimes (Current Controversies). San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press.

Herek, G.M., Conyers, J., and Berrill, K.T., eds. 1992. Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications..

Jacobs, J.B., and Porter, K. 1998. Hate Crimes: Criminal Law & Identity Politics. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Jenness, V., and Broad, K. 1997. Hate Crimes: New Social Movements and the Politics of Violence. New York, New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Levin, J., and McDevitt, J. 1993. Hate Crimes: The Rising Tide of Bigotry and Bloodshed. New York, New York: Plenum Press.

Levin, B. 1999. Hate crimes: worse by definition. , : Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 15(1): 6-21.

Heumann, M., and Church, T.W., eds 1997. Hate Speech on Campus: Cases, Case Studies, and Commentary. Boston, Massachusetts: Northeastern University..

Walker, S. 1994. Hate Speech: The History of an American Controversy. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Perry, B. 2001. In the Name of Hate: Understanding Hate Crimes. New York, New York: Routledge.

Stanton, B. 1991. Klanwatch: Bringing the Ku Klux Klan to Justice. New York, New York: Weidenfeld.

Jenness, V., and Gratlet, R. 2001. Making Hate a Crime: From Social Movement to Law Enforcement. New York, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Blazak, R 1998. Militia hearts of darkness are still beating. , : The Oregonian, (February 22).

Lamy, P. 1996. Millennium Rage: Survivalists, White Supremacists, and the Doomsday Prophesy. New York, New York: Plenum Press.

Kaplan, J., and Bjorgo, T., eds 1998. Nation and Race: The Developing Euro-American Racist Subculture. Boston, Massachusetts: Northeastern University.

Ferber, A.L. 1997. Of Mongrels and Jews: The deconstruction of racialised identities in white supremacist discourse. , : Social Identities 3(2): 193-208.

Phillips, C., and Sampson, A. 1998. Preventing repeated racial victimization: An action research project. , : British Journal of Criminology 38(1): 124. .

Lawrence, F.M. 1999. Punishing Hate: Bias Crimes Under American Law. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Moore, J.B. 1993. Skinheads Shaved for Battle: A Cultural History of American Skinheads. Bowling Green, Kentucky: Bowling Green University Press.

Wooden, W. S. 1995. Skinheads: Teenagers and hate crimes. Belmont, California: edited by W.S. Wooden.

Jenness, V 1995. Social movement growth, domain expansion, and framing processes: The gay/lesbian movement and violence against gays and lesbians as a social problem. , : Social Problems 42:145-170. .

The Mosaic Youth Center Board of Directors with J. Griffin-Wiesner. 2001. Step by Step! A Young Person's Guide to Positive Community Change. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Search Institute.

Arnow, J. 1995. Teaching Peace: How to Raise Children to Live in Harmony - Without Fear, Without Prejudice, Without Violence. New York , New York: The Berkley Publishing Group.

Jenness, V., and Grattet, R. 1996. The criminalization of hate: A comparison of structural and polity influences on the passage of bias-crime legislation in the United States. , : Sociological Perspectives 39:129-154. .

Newton, M. 1991. The Ku Klux Klan: An Encyclopedia. New York, New York: Garland. .

Ezekial, R.S. 1995. The Racist Mind: Portraits of American Neo-Nazis and Klansmen. New York, New York: Penguin.

Flynn, K. 1989. The Silent Brotherhood: Inside America's Racist Underground. New York,, New York: Free Press.

Jacobs, J.B., and Henry, J.S. 1996. The social construction of a hate crime epidemic. , : Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 86(2): 366-391. .

Novick, M. 1995. White Lies, White Power: The Fight Against White Supremacy and Reactionary Violence. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press. .

Ferber, A.L. 1998. White supremacist movement in the U.S. today. In Race and Ethnic Conflict, 2d ed., edited by F.L. Pincus and H.J. Ehrlich. Boulder, Colorado: Westview.

Video Resources
Crimes of Hate. 1980 : Anti-Defamation League.

Hate Crime: A Training Video for Police Officers. 1990 : Anti-Defamation League.

Not in Our Town. 1995 : The Working Group.

The Shadow of Hate: A History of Intolerance in America. 1995 : TeachingTolerance.

The Truth about Hate. 1999 : AIMS Multimedia.

Who Killed Vincent Chin?. 1989 : Film Makers Library.

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